Biodigester Contributes Agriculture Sustainable Development


Phnom Penh, Cambodia (13 November 2010)
The installation of domestic biogas plants around the world is raising sharply, in terms of both plant numbers and geographic coverage. More than 40 million plants had been installed by the end of 2009. It was providing about 200 million people with access to benefits included Cambodia.
To efficiently and effectively utilize both public and private recourse and to prevent unnecessary failures, SNV Netherlands Development organization in cooperation with National Biodigester Program (NBP) in Cambodia was organizing an international workshop on “Inclusive Planning and Financing of National Programmes on Domestic Biogas in Asia” from 10th to 12th November 2010 in Phnom Penh.
The purpose of the workshop is to provide a dedication forum for the exchange of knowledge and experience on financing of national programmes on domestic biogas between international practitioners, experts and policy maker.
Ms. Marin Schelzig Bloom, officer in charge of ADB Cambodia Resident Mission said, that modern energy is centre energy for energy development goal to access energy instead of coal missing energy.
H.E. Chan Sarun, Minister of Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF), said that “firewood and charcoal consumption for daily fuel requirements, especially by rural families, has an adverse effect on environment and biodiversity. The effect of deforestation contributes to Green House Gas emissions into the atmosphere. One of the main sources of climate change is taken into account by the Cambodia Governments and others on the globe.
He added many Cambodian farmers use all possible means to increase crops production. Chemical fertilizers are very popular because they have an immediately effect and are available in the marketplace. Meanwhile, many farmers who have not received training on how to apply the fertilizers continue exceeding the recommended dosage, it brings negative impacts on their family’s economy, long-term soil fertility, crop production and the environment.
The Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC) through MAFF, entered a join venture with SNV to start the NBP on May 25, 2005. The overall objective of the program is the establishment of a permanent domestic biodigesters sector on a commercial, market oriented basis for the dissemination of biogesters as an indigenous, sustainable energy source in selected provinces of Cambodia, aiming to achieve the construction of 18400 plants from 2006 to 2012, he noted.
According to NBP’s survey, it showed that users of biodigester can gain a lot of benefit from it such as saving 12$ per family in one month from buying fuel wood, charcoal and battery charging. Second it is reducing the deforestation in the number of amount over 2200 kg per year in one family and reducing the environment pollution and global warming by one plant reduces CO2 emission with 5 ton per year in one family. Moreover, it is increasing crop production by using bioslurry as a very effective fertilizer in which one biodigester produces 15 ton bioslurry per year. In addition, it is reducing the daily workload for women and children from finding fuel wood with about 2 hours per day.
He remarked that NBP is targeting 12 provinces of the country which covers 123 districts and municipalities with up to now approximately 9500 plants owners and 55000 direct beneficiaries. From year to year, the plants construction is increasing in number as the economic, social and environmental benefits of biogesters, at local and national level.
Biodigester technology broadly involves in Cambodia agriculture development and rural markets. Therefore, MAFF as well as DPA are committed to continued support to the NBP, targeting to improve people livelihood under the inspired leadership of Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen.
By S.L (Vol. 4, Issue 46, SEAW)
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