By Sok Lak
Recognizing the importance of statistical database in monitoring and evaluation of the programmers of development of the country, the Ministry of Planning launch a workshop on June 28 in Phnom Penh on “Collect resources for Cambodia Inter-Censal Population Survey 2013” to seek for resources to conduct Cambodia Inter-Censal Population survey 2013 which held in March 2013.
The Survey will be conduct on a sample basis in about 28,680 selected households spread over 956 Primary Sampling Unites (PSUs) with total estimated budget of US$ 701,817.
Chhay Than, Senior Minister of Ministry of Planning, said that Cambodia Inter-Censal Population Survey is continue activities after Censuses 5 years which is important for re-checking and monitoring the level of development in country. The government needs these data for development planning, policy setting, monitoring the level success of millennium development goal and decision making to develop country.
The results of the major data collection activities like the General Population Censuses in 1998 and 2008, regular rounds of Socio-Economic Surveys and Demographic and Health Surveys in 2000, 2005 and 2010 have been widely utilized in development planning program, he added.
He mentioned that collecting these important data is need financial and technical assistant from outside country. Even though UNFPA and JICA already provide assistant, but it is still lack of resource to achieve a standard level of survey.
San Sy Than, Director General of National Institute of Statistics, said that the need for updated population data for monitoring and evaluation of these reform and development program is necessary needed.
He added that due to the wide gap of ten years between 2008 and 2018 General Population Censuses is is proposed to conduct an inter-censal population survey of Cambodia in 2013. “This kind of survey conducted in 2004 provided valuable inter-censal information that helped even to revise the population projections.
According to analysis made with reference to data from past censues and surveys, total fertility rate has fallen from a high level of 5.67 in 1990 to 3.01 in 2007. Total mortality rate has declined from an estimated level of 95 per 1,000 live births in 1995 to 60 per 1,000 live births in 2007. The 2008 Census results have shown that the maternal mortality ratio is 461 per 100,000 love births. The male expectation of life has risen from 57.1 years in 2004 to 60.5 in 2008 and the corresponding increase for females is from 63.4 to 64.3. The dependency ratio has declined from 86.15 in 1998 to 61.19 in 2008.
Source: The Southeast Asia Weekly, July3-9, 2011, Vol. 5, Issue 27, Page 2