58th meeting of SEARCA Governing Board host in Cambodia

[News] Published on Southeast Asia Weekly (SEAW), Vol.4, Issue 43

Phnom Penh, Cambodia (21 October 2010)


By Sok Lak

The Royal Government of Cambodia took a role of host country to launch 58thmeeting of SEARCA (Southeast Asia Regional Center of graduated study and research in Agriculture) Governing Board in Phnom Penh on October, 18 to 20th to promote agriculture in Southeast Asia.

The meeting persisted over by H.E Chan Sarun, Minister of Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries and delegation from various countries in Southeast Asia. Some experts also join this meeting and they are Dr. C.Saguiguit, director of SEARCA, Dr. Luis Rey Velasco, Chancellor of the University of the Philippines Los Banos and chairman of the SEARCA, and Dr. Tinsiri Siribodhi, Deputy of the SEAMEO Secretariat based in Bangkok, Thailand.

This is only the second time that the kingdom of Cambodia is hosting such an important event since Cambodia became a member of Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization (SEAMEO) in 1968 and the first SEARCA Meeting held here was in 2000.

Agriculture in Cambodia book under the title of “The Southeast Asian Agriculture and Development Primer Cambodia” was showed at the 58th meeting of SEARCA, which is the last vision publication of SEARCA to promote as prime series for all SEAMEO members. The purpose of publish this book is providing clear and compete information about agriculture in Southeast Asia as reference. This book discusses the general features of each country’s agriculture in partly of institution, structure and policy that affect developing agriculture sector’s performance in the past three decades. The Cambodia primer is authored by Dr. Touch Visalsok, Rector of the University of Battambang, and Dr. Ker Monthivuth, Acting Director, Department of Administration, Planning, Accounting, and International Cooperation, General Directorate of Agriculture.

H.E Chan Saron, Minister of Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries took a note key that this meeting is very important in training agriculture and research in Southeast Asia example Cambodia.

“I strongly support this meeting and hope that this meeting will bring a best result for Cambodia also for all countries in Southeast Asia. In this time,” “I also hope that the institution will continue to cooperate with Cambodia and improve own activities in the way of developing human resource in Cambodia agriculture sector”, he remarked.

The goal of SEARCA is to cut down the number of poverty people and improve food security. By this way, SEARCA promote developing agriculture and rural area in Southeast Asia through providing scholarship for graduated study, research, data system and knowledge management.

“Cambodia has become the member SEARCA since 1973 and 46 Cambodian got scholarship from this institution”, H.E Chan Saron noted.

It is noted that SEARCA is the institution work with all 11 Southeast Asian countries: Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Timor Leste, and Vietnam. Each of these countries has a representative to the SEARCA governing board, which serves as the Center’s policymaking body. SEARCA Governing Board’s annually meeting is an essential forum of SEARCA to evaluate and make necessary changes to the programs and budgets of institution.


SEAW#3: Asian Farmers Tackle Climate Change Issues

[News] Published on Southeast Asia Weekly (SEAW), Vol. 4, Issue 42

Phnom Penh, Cambodia (13 October 2010)

By Sok Lak

The Council for the Rural Agricultural Rehabilitation, and the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries in cooperate with Caritas Cambodia Organization, Caritas Asia Organization and Catholic Relief Services Organization launched a Southeast Asia Farmer’s Conference in Phnom Penh on October 12th to improve the quality of life of million of farmer in Asia especially mitigation and adaptation to climate change.

Under the theme Southeast Asia Farmer’s Conference: “Together to mitigate climate change problems which affect farmer agriculture activities at Southeast Asia Area”, it brought up three main purposes: to improve farmer knowledge and increase the voices of farmers to prevent their right in context of climate change; sharing good experiences and raise the problems in the context of climate change to spread policy (NAPA protocol and National Development Strategy Planning 2009-2013) in order to cut down and adapt climate change to promote food security and sustainable agriculture; and providing a discussion for representative farmers, civil society and government to understand deeply of the effects of climate change on agriculture, receive recommendation and raise the anxieties under the topic of climate change and sustainable agriculture.

Mr. Kim Rattana, Executive Director of Caritas Cambodia Organization said that this conference is very important especially for farmer communities at international and national level to meet each others to discuss all the anxieties and share all experiences around the topic of climate change to find out the solution and response to effect and impact of climate change around the world.

Climate change causing server damages to farmer’s life, living, economic loses which their crops are damaged in the field, cultivation system as the rainfall pattern are changing every year. All farmers are paying the price of climate change but they did not cause it. If the chemical-based agriculture cause green house gasses emission, it noted that it is not a single grassroots level farmers produced chemical fertilizers and pesticide in life-time. Therefore, it should have lion’s share of the mitigation and adaptation funds to allocate due to climate change, Mr. Gabrie Baroi, program officer of Caritas Asia in Bangkok emphasized.

He continued that after the discussion in this conference, all farmers will go back to their community and share the concern with fellow farmers and build advocacy constituency. On the other hand, the panelist, government representatives and representatives from other international level institutions will bring the farmers’ voice to the concerned authorities so that mechanism supportive to farmers’ life and livelihood, funds and mechanism allocated and supported to mitigation, adaptation as well as research and development come to the use for farmers life and livelihood.

H.E Tav Senghour, Secretary of. State of Ministry of Interior and 1st Vice Chairman of Council for Agriculture and Rural Development also said that it is very worrying about climate change around the world nowadays. These situations caused by natural phenomenon and human activities in modern technology life. In fact,  the developing of science make human life better and better, but it also impact global environment that cause negative phenomenon such as temperature increased, sea level increased and the number of disasters increased times to times, which affected human life and economy development especially agriculture sector.

“We all have to think together about climate change impact on agriculture and other related activities in this field that cause climate change to have a sustainable agriculture. In this case, government of Cambodia also involve and deal with these problems by giving this important task to Ministry and authority related to this kind of cases such as Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Ministry of Water Resources and Meteorology, Council for Agriculture and Rural Development, National Committee for Disaster, to prepare and set up policy, strategy and measures to prevent and mitigate natural disaster especially protect people life and balance economy activities day-life,” he said.

This conference participated  by representative of Ministry, Municipal and preventative farmer come form 24 city-province in Cambodia specially  representative of Caritas Cambodia Organization, Caritas Asia Organization and Catholic Relief Services Organization with farmers of 13 countries in Asia.


SEAW#2: Collective Bargaining For Improved Industrial Relation

Published on SEAW, Vol. 4, Issue no.40 (2 October 2010)

By Sok Lak

Under demand for good governance project and supporting of World Bank, Arbitration Council Foundation (ACF) has held 5th Nation Industrial Ration Conference in Phnom Penh on October 01st, aiming at improving industrial relation in Cambodia especially triple parties, employer, employee and government.

The conference brought the key players in the Cambodia industrial relation community-unions, employer, government, international buyer associations, and other relevant and civil society organizations under the theme of Collective Bargaining for Improved Industrial Ration: Collective to current challenges.

Mr. Sok Lor, Executive Director of the Arbitration Council Foundation said in the conference that “I believe this annual forum for key industrial relations stakeholders is an important opportunity to discuss the issues which affect Cambodia industrial relations.”

“It is important to emphasize from time to time that the core rationale for stabilizing industrial relations in Cambodia is to optimize the economic growth and social development, for benefits of both the businesses and workers”, he said. “In order for Cambodia to achieve sustainable development, this fundamental shared value must be respected by involved parties.”

He emphasized that the industry-wide strike in the garment sector created worrying impacts on the key parties involved: businesses, workers, and Cambodia as a whole. While Cambodia industrial relations have been progressing, the incident has caused damage to the stability of Cambodian industrial relations, also in garment sector to the increasingly resilient reputation of Cambodia as a good sourcing destination for the international brands.

He continued to say that it is important to note that the potential benefits of the collective bargaining agreement themselves have not been disputed by the involved stakeholders. Meanwhile, it must also recognized that the development of collective bargaining agreement have not occurred in such a manner that sufficiently responds to the needs of the garment industry. Such below-expectation development is mainly due to several impasses that have been identified for solution-oriented discussion at this conference: difficulty in collective bargaining caused by multiple-union representation, lack of genuine effort and commitment to engage in collective bargaining, fear that collective bargaining agreement would keep raising conditions favorable to only one party to the agreement.

H.E Seng Sakda, Director General of the General Department of Labor in the Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training, said that 2010 is the year of industrial relation in Cambodia. Start from October 1st, the minimum wage of garment sector will increase from 50$ to 61$. It shows that all parties already agree this wage that is sign of all of them certify the income of company.

“Economic growth takes a benefit from industrial which depend on private sector in use of labors such as garment, tourism and construction, he said. “It is note that The Arbitration Council Foundation is a registered local not-for-profit foundation established in 2004 to support and facilitate the labor dispute resolution work of the Arbitration Council.”

SEAW#1: NGOCRC Plans to Create Children Monitoring System in Cambodia

Published on SEAW, Vol.4, Issue 40 (1 October 2010)

By Sok Lak

Non-Government Organization Committee for Children’s Right (NGOCRC) has held a seminar on “Development of Child Right Monitoring Mechanism and System” September 30th, 2010, at Cambodiana Hotel.

The purpose of this seminar is to understand UN Human Right Monitoring Mechanisms’ center idea, look through the applying of UN convention on the right of the children and doing reports about the applying of children right in Cambodia.

We want to create a standard monitoring system in Cambodia in order to be easy in analysis and measurable in common way, because there are many organizations also have their monitoring system, but is different from each other and analyze in different way to create different result. Therefore, NGOCRC want to set up a monitoring system the same as UN monitoring system” Mr. Hieng Sovannara, consultant of NGO Committee said at the seminar.

He added that monitoring system is the implement tool to measure implement of government and NGOs in Cambodia. “It also help us to be well-known and lead to be success in work”

All level of government, community organization and supporting NGOCRC organization are involved in motoring system, he noted.

He remarked that state parties undertake to the committee, through the Secretary-General of the United Nation, reports on the measures they have adopted which give effect to the right recognized herein and on the progress made on the enjoyment of those rights: within two years of the entry into force of the convention for the state party concerned; thereafter every five year.

“There are many tools in collecting data of children right such as open question or close question or checklists table, related documents, report, statistics, question list and interview, he mentioned. “UN committee also give some recommendation to set up this system to add definition of children, free of children and all children must take all appropriate legislative to.”

One of the audience come from Plan organization said that all points should be specific and simple to be easy in use. It is note that NGOCRC is a national coalition of forty six NGOs in the kingdom of Cambodia whose major commonality is their commitment towards the right of child.

ការចិញ្ចឹមសត្វព្រៃជាជម្រើសថ្មី តែអ្នកជំនាញថាបទល្មើសសត្វព្រៃអាចនឹងកើនឡើង

English version is coming soon

ដោយ សុខ ឡាក់

រដ្ឋមន្ត្រីក្រសួងបរិស្ថានថ្មីៗបានជម្រុញមន្ត្រី និងសហគមន៍គិតគូរជម្រើសថ្មីៗ និងប្លែកៗ ក្នុងការលើកកំពស់ជីវភាពប្រជាជន និង អភិរក្សជីវៈចម្រុះ តាមរយៈគិតគូរចិញ្ចឹមសត្វព្រៃដូចជាជ្រូកព្រៃ និងត្រកួត។

Wild Pigលោក សាយ សំ​អាល់ រដ្ឋមន្ត្រី​ក្រសួងបរិស្ថានបាននិយាយថា  ដើម្បីអភិរក្សជីវៈចម្រុះបាន លុះត្រាតែជីវភាពប្រជាជនកើន និងធានាបាន ហើយការអភិវឌ្ឍន៍ក៏ត្រូវដើរតាមតម្រូវការជាក់ស្តែងនៅមូលដ្ជាន​​។ រដ្ឋមន្ត្រីបានលើកឡើងថា “ជ្រូកព្រៃ យើងត្រូវគិតគ្នាមើល តាមច្បាប់ព្រៃឈើ វាខុសច្បាប់ ក៏ប៉ុន្តែយើងត្រូវគិតមើលតើវាអាចទៅជាប្រូតេអ៊ីនជំនួសដូចជាការនេសាទបាទអត់? ឫមួយអាចជាចំណូលអោយបងប្អូនរបស់យើងលក់បានអត់?។”

លោកបន្តថា “ឥឡូវនេះ និយាយរឿងជាក់ស្តែងដើម្បីអភិវឌ្ឍ និងធ្វើអោយសហគមន៍រីកចម្រើន អញ្ចឹងសត្វព្រៃដូចជាជ្រូកព្រៃអាចចិញ្ចឹមលក់បាន ព្រោះបទពិសោធន៍នេះខ្ញុំឃើញនៅអាហ្រិចខាងត្បូង គេបានធ្វើ និងបានចិញ្ចឹមលក់នៅតាមសហគមន៍របស់គេ នេះជាជម្រើសមួយ។”

លោកក៏បានលើកជម្រើសថ្មីៗ ប្លែកៗក្នុងអភិរក្សជីវៈចម្រុះ និងពង្រឹងជីវភាពប្រជាជនថា “ខ្ញុំក៏ធ្លាប់អោយគំនិត បើសិនជាគាត់ចិញ្ចឹមត្រកួតយកពងទៅលក់ តើវាអាចជាចំណូលរបស់ប្រជាជនបានទេ? អាចធ្វើបានអត់? យើងត្រូវគិតរឿងអ្វីប្លែងៗបន្តិច ក្នុងសហគមន៍របស់យើង ។ យើងត្រូវធ្វើយ៉ាងដូចម្ត៉េចអោយជីវភាពរបស់ប្រជាជនកើន។ ការរៀបចំគម្រោង យើងត្រូវគិតរឿងជាក់ស្តែង”។

តាមច្បាប់ព្រៃឈើ  ការបរបាញ់ សំលាប់ ធ្វើពាណិជ្ជកម្ម សន្និធិ កែច្នៃសំណាក ឬនាំចូលប្រភេទសត្វរស់ក្នុងក្រុមនេះ [ក្រុមប្រភេទមានដោយបង្គួរ] ត្រូវទទួលពិន័យអន្តរកាល ពីរដ្ឋបាលព្រៃឈើជាប្រាក់ ចំនួនពីពីរដងទៅបីដងនៃតំលៃវត្ថុតាងពិតប្រាកដនៃទីផ្សារ ។ ជ្រូកព្រៃ ត្រកួត ចាត់ទុកជាក្រុមប្រភេទមានដោយបង្គួរ យោងតាមប្រកាសស្តីពីចំណាត់ថ្នាក់ និងបញ្ជីឈ្មោះប្រភេទសត្វព្រៃ។ ទោះបីជាយ៉ាងណា ចំណូលពីពាណិជ្ជកម្មសត្វព្រៃមានតម្លៃខ្ពស់ពិសេសនៅទីផ្សារប្រទេសចិនដែលមានតម្រូវការខ្ពស់លើសត្វព្រៃ ហើយពិភពលោកក៏បានទុកពាណិជ្ជកម្មសត្វព្រៃខុសច្បាប់ជាឧក្រិដ្ឋកម្មដែលរកបានចំណូលលំដាប់ទី៤ បន្ទាប់ពីការជួញដូរអាវុធ មនុស្ស និងគ្រឿងញៀន  ។

តាមរបាយការណ៍របស់ការិយាល័យអង្គការសហប្រជាជាតិស្តីពីឧក្រិដ្ឋកម្មនិងគ្រឿងញៀន (UNODC) បានគណនាក្នុងឆ្នាំ ២០១១ ថាតម្លៃសរុបនៃពាណិជ្ជកម្មសត្វព្រៃខុសច្បាប់ជាសកលគឺមានចន្លោះពី ៨-១០ពាន់លានដុល្លារ លើកលែងឈើនិងសត្វក្នុងសមុទ្រ។ ចំពោះជួញដូរគ្រឿងញៀនខុសច្បាប់ មានតម្លៃ ៣២០ពាន់លាន់ដុល្លារ និង ជួញដូរមនុស្សខុសច្បាប់មានតម្លៃ ៣១.៦ពាន់លាន់ដុល្លារ។ ភាគច្រើននៃតំរូវការសត្វព្រៃ និងផលិតផលពីសត្វ ព្រៃ​មានដូចជា សាច់ ថ្នាំបូរាណ សត្វ​ចិញ្ចឹមសំរាប់កំសាន្ត និងពា​ន​រង្វាន់ដែលជាផលិតផលធ្វើពីសត្វព្រៃ ដែលទាំងនេះ​ជំរុញអោយការជួញដូរសត្វព្រៃ​មានច្រើន​ឡើង។

ក្នុងរយៈពេល១៥ឆ្នាំ ក្រុម​ជួយ​សង្រ្គោះ​សត្វ​ព្រៃ​រហ័សដែល​ជា​អង្គភាព​មួយ​របស់​រដ្ឋាភិបាល​កម្ពុជា ហើយ​ដែល​បាន​ទទួល​ជំនួយ​បច្ចេកទេស​ពី​អង្គការ Wildlife Alliance បាន​សង្គ្រោះ​សត្វ​បាន​ចំនួន​ជាង ៦០ ០០០ ក្បាល​ពី​ឈ្មួញ​ខុសច្បាប់។

ក្នុងការលើកកំពស់ជីវភាពប្រជាជន និងការអភិរក្សជីវៈចម្រុះ វាមានជម្រើសថ្មីៗ និងប្លែកៗដែលបានលើកឡើង ដើម្បីតុល្យភាពរវាងជីវៈចម្រុះ និងការរស់នៅរបស់មនុស្ស តែអ្នកអភិរក្សបានលើកឡើងថា សម្រាប់រយៈ​ពេល​វែងមនុស្ស​​ដែលមាន​បំណង​ចង់​ទទួល​បាន​ប្រាក់​ចំណេញ​ពី​ការ​លក់​សត្វ​ព្រៃ​បាន​អះអាង​ថា​ការ​ធ្វើ​កសិកម្ម​សត្វ​ព្រៃ​គឺ​ជួយដល់​ការអភិរក្សសត្វព្រៃដោយលុបបំបាត់នូវ ​តម្រូវ​ការ​ក្នុង​ការ​បរបាញ់​សត្វ​នៅ​ក្នុង​ព្រៃ​ តែវាមិនបានឆ្លុះបញ្ចាំងទេ ដោយសកម្មភាពបរបាញ់នៅតែបន្ត។

“វាគ្រាន់តែជាទ្រឹស្តីដែលល្អមួយ តែការ​អនុវត្ត​ជាក់ស្តែង​មិន​ដំណើរការ​។ ព្រានព្រៃនៅតែបរបាញ់ដោយមិនខ្វល់ពីប្រភេទសត្វព្រៃថា វាជាសត្វកំរឫអត់។ វិធីសាស្ត្ររបស់ពា្រនព្រៃនៅប្រទេសកម្ពុជាគឺដាក់អន្ទាក់ ហើយអន្ទាក់មិនចេះវិនិច្ច័យថាប្រភេទសត្វព្រៃណាទេ។​” នេះជាការលើកឡើងពី លោក Nick Marx ប្រធានកម្មវិធីសង្គ្រោះ និងថែរក្សាសត្វព្រៃនៅអង្គការសម្ព័ន្ធមិត្តសត្វព្រៃ (Wildlife Alliance)។

លោកបាននិយាយថា អ្នកអភិរក្សសត្វព្រៃនឹងស្វាគមន៍គំនិតនៃការធ្វើកសិកម្មសត្វព្រៃ បើវាទទួលបានជោគជ័យក្នុងការការពារសត្វព្រៃនៅក្នុងជម្រកធម្មជាតិ តែជាអកុសលវាមិនបានដូចបំណងទេ។ លោកគាំទ្រអោយប្រជាជនចិញ្ចឹមមាន់ ទា ជ្រូក និងសត្វគោ ដែលនេះជាវិធីសាស្ត្រដ៏ល្អក្នុងការផ្តល់ជូននូវម្ហូបអាហារ និងមិនបង្កគ្រោះថ្នាក់ដល់ចំនួនសត្វព្រៃផង។

​ឧទាហរណ៍មួយចំនួនដែលលោក Nick Marx បានលើកឡើងក្នុងការឆ្លុះបញ្ចាំងពីបញ្ហានេះ ដូចជា​ករណីការ​ធ្វើ​កសិកម្ម​សត្វ​ខ្លា​​។ សត្វ​ខ្លា​ត្រូវ​បាន​គេ​ចិញ្ចឹម​នៅ​ក្នុង​ប្រទេស​ចិន​និង​ប្រទេស​ថៃ​ក្នុង​ចំណោម​ប្រទេស​ដទៃ​ទៀត​អស់​រយៈពេល​ជាច្រើន​ឆ្នាំ​។ ការធ្វើកសិកម្ម​សត្វ​ខ្លា​ត្រូវ​បាន​អះអាង​ថា​ជា​ការ​ផ្តួ​ច​ផ្តើម​អភិរក្ស​មួយ​ដោយ​មនុស្ស​ដែល​ចង់បាន​ប្រាក់​ចេញ​ពី​សត្វ​ខ្លា​។ ទោះបីជាយ៉ាងណា ចំនួន​សត្វ​ខ្លា​ថយចុះ និងតិចទៅតិចទៅ​រៀងរាល់​ឆ្នាំ​ហើយ​ប្រហែល​ជា​ផុត​ពូជ​នៅ​ក្នុង​ប្រទេស​ចិន​។ ច្បាស់​ណាស់​ការធ្វើ​កសិកម្ម​មាន​ផល​ប៉ះ​ពាល់​ដល់​ចំនួន​សត្វ​ខ្លា​ព្រៃ​។ ការធ្វើ​កសិកម្មសត្វខ្លា​ផ្តល់​នូវចន្លោះ​មួយ​នៅ​ពីក្រោយ​​ពាណិជ្ជកម្ម​សត្វព្រៃខុស​ច្បាប់គ្មានការ​រំខាន​។ ករណីមួយទៀតគឹ សត្វស្វាកន្ទុយវែងត្រូវបានគេបង្កាត់ពូជនៅក្នុងទ្រុងនៅកសិដ្ឋានសត្វស្វានៅក្នុងប្រទេសកម្ពុជា ប៉ុន្តែនេះមិនបានកាត់បន្ថយតម្រូវការស្វាព្រៃទេ តែធ្វើអោយតំបន់ដែលសំបូរស្វាព្រៃក្លាយជាកំរទៅវិញ។ ករណីផ្សេងមួយទៀតគឺជាការចិញ្ចឹមក្រពើ។  ការចិញ្ចឹមក្រពើបានក្លាយជារឿងធម្មតានៅក្នុងប្រទេសកម្ពុជាទៅហើយ តែប្រភេទចិញ្ចឹមជាប្រភេទសត្វក្រពើសៀម ហើយប្រភេទសត្វក្រពើដើមក្នុងព្រៃនៅប្រទេសកម្ពុជាស្ទើរតែបាត់ចេញពីព្រៃទៅហើយ។

ក្នុងករណីខាងលើ លោក Nick Marx បានបញ្ជាក់ថា រាជរដ្ឋាភិបាលកម្ពុជាពិតជាមានភាពឆ្លាតហើយមើលឃើញវែងឆ្ងាយនៅក្នុងករណីជាច្រើន ហើយបានចាត់ទុក “ការធ្វើកសិកម្មសត្វព្រៃ” គឺមិនបានផលប្រយោជន៍ដល់ការអភិរក្ស ហេតុនេះបានជារដ្ឋាភិបាលកម្ពុជាសុខចិត្តអនុវត្តច្បាប់ការពារសត្វទាំងអស់នៅក្នុងព្រៃ។

លោក អ៊ាង សុផល្លែត អ្នកនាំពាក្យ នៃក្រសួងកសិកម្ម រុក្ខាប្រមាញ់ និងនេសាទ បាននិយាយថាក្រសួងកសិកម្ម រុក្ខាប្រមាញ់ និងនេសាទមិនត្រឹមតែលើកទឹកចិត្តប្រជាជនចិញ្ចឹមសត្វទេ សូម្បីតែដើមឈើដូចជាដើមក្រញូងក៏លើកទឹកចិត្តអោយប្រជាជនដាំ និងប្រមូលផលពីការដំាដុះនេះ។ លោកបានបញ្ជាក់ថា ការចិញ្ចឹមសត្វព្រៃមិនខុសច្បាប់ទេ ការចិញ្ចឹមសត្វព្រៃក៏ដូចជាការដំាឈើឡើងវិញទេ តែផ្ទុយទៅវិញច្បាប់ស្តីពីព្រៃឈើលើកទឹកចិត្តទៀតដល់ប្រជាកសិករធ្វើការដំាដុះ និងចិញ្ចឹមសត្វព្រៃទៀតផង ដើម្បីចូលរួមក្នុងការអភិរក្សសត្វព្រៃ និងស្តារឡើងវិញនូវដើមឈើផង។

ឆ្លើយតបនឹងការកើនឡើងនៃបទល្មើសសត្វព្រៃពីការធ្វើកសិកម្មសត្វព្រៃ លោកសុផល្លែតនិយាយថា “បើសិនជាយើងអនុវត្តច្បាប់ បទល្មើសមិនមានទេ ទោះបីជាយើងចិញ្ចឹមក៏ដោយ មិនចិញ្ចឹមក៏ដោយ បទល្មើសត្រូវតែមានបើសិនយើងមិនបានអនុវត្តច្បាប់ ផ្ទុយទៅវិញ បើសិនជាអនុវត្តនូវច្បាប់ ការចិញ្ចឹមក៏មិននាំអោយមានបទលើ្មសដែរ។ ការអនុវត្តច្បាប់ គឺមិនត្រឹមតែមន្ត្រីរាជការ ក៏អាជ្ញាធ័រ តែសំដៅដល់ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋទាំងមូលគួរនាំគ្នាគោរពច្បាប់។” លោក សុផល្លែត បានប្រាប់ថា លោកមិនមានព័តមានពាក់ព័ន្ធពីបញ្ហានេះច្រើនទេ តែលោកដឹងថានៅមណ្ឌលគីរី មានការចិញ្ចឹមជ្រូកព្រៃដែលមាននាំចូលពីប្រទេសក្រៅ ដើម្បីអោយមានជ្រូកព្រៃក្នុងការកសិដ្ឋាន។

Elusive equality

Study find boosting women’s opportunities can boost growth, but there’s a long road ahead

Improving women’s access to jobs and economic opportunity could significantly boost productivity in Cambodia, according to World Bank report published in June. But, the study’s authors added, women’s economic progress has been slower in the Kingdom than in many other countries in the region and the government should work to level the gender playing field.
The study found that if women were to work in the same sectors as men and have the same access to resources, worker output in the Asia-Pacific region could be 7 to 18 percent higher.
or Economics Today Magazine, issue 125

The promise of pork

While the Kingdom’s biggest industrial pig farming company is seeing steady growth as the nation’s population and hunger for pork grows, small pig farmers are having a hard time of it in the face of fluctuating prices and lowercost imports from Thailand, according to experts and insiders who came to a recent briefing session in Phnom Penh on the swine industry.

Last year, pig production reached over two million head, up slightly from 2010, but that is down from 2.7 million in 2006.

The raising of pigs has a long tradition in Cambodia and is still one of the most important livestock-related sectors in the country, even considered by many only second to rice cultivation.

To be continue…

Source: http://www.etmcambodia.com/blog.php?article=476